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Recommendations for Follow Up After OneTest™

Thyroid Cancer


  • Lump or swelling in the neck
  • Hoarseness or voice changes
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing
  • Persistent cough not related to a cold
  • Pain in the neck or throat
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck


  • Visible or palpable lump or swelling in the neck
  • Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)

Risk Factors

  • Gender: Thyroid cancer is more common in women
  • Age: The risk of thyroid cancer increases with age, with most cases occurring in people aged 40 and older.
  • Family History: Having a first-degree relative (parent, sibling, or child) with thyroid cancer increases the risk.
  • Radiation exposure: Previous exposure to radiation, especially during childhood, increases the risk
  • Genetic conditions: Inherited genetic conditions, such as familial medullary thyroid cancer (FMTC) or multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN), increase the risk
  • Iodine deficiency: Chronic iodine deficiency may increase the risk
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese may increase the risk

Other Screening Tools:

  • Thyroid ultrasound: Recommended for individuals with a family history of thyroid cancer or a personal history of radiation exposure to the head and neck.
  • Thyroid function tests: Recommended for individuals with symptoms suggestive of thyroid dysfunction.

Next Exam(s) To Do

  • Thyroid ultrasound: If OneTest indicates elevated predictive risk for thyroid cancer, a thyroid ultrasound would be performed for further evaluation. This imaging test can detect thyroid nodules or masses that may be indicative of thyroid cancer. Fine needle biopsy may be needed for diagnosis.
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